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ACL MCL and other ligament injuries usually cause instability and inactivity for the knee as ligaments are stabilizing and strengthening components of the knee joint.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injury

Definition   Tearing of the ACL. The ACL is a ligament that connects the tibia (shinbone) to the femur (thighbone) crossing in the middle of the knee and is necessary to help stabilize the knee joint area. 
Causes ACL injuries may occur in many different situations but are often caused by a sudden hit to the knee or a pivoting (change in direction) injury.
Symptoms Pain (will vary depending on injury severity) and swelling. Instability to the knee joint area.
Treatment ACL injuries demand immediate medical attention. Depending upon the severity of the injury, surgery may be required. Range of motion exercises, ice and physical therapy are recommended before and after surgery (if required).




Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) injury

Definition   Tear to the medial collateral ligament. The MCL is located on the inside of the knee, while the lateral collateral ligament(LCL) is located on the outside of the knee. Injury to the MCL is more common than injury to the LCL.
Causes Twisting injury to the knee or a blow to the outside of the knee, often occurring in sports.
Symptoms Pain and swelling, lack of knee stability. Requires evaluation by a medical professional.
Treatment Usually dependent on what grade injury determined by evaluation. Follow advice from a medical professional. MCL injuries are usually not as serious as a ACL injury.